Monday, May 29, 2017

A Complete Ranking of Mystery Television of the 1970s

I was perusing the IMDB, the International Movie Database, website where millions of fans vote for their favorite films and television shows. I asked myself a simple question: of the two iconic 1970s detective shows (and personal favorites), Columbo and The Rockford Files which did fans rate higher?

Not being the sort of person who likes to leave simple at simple, I decided to sort out which were the most popular and most highly rated mystery TV series of the seventies.

I was rather strict in my criteria for mystery.  The show could not include fantasy elements (a mystery-solving ghost) or sci-fi (a robotic or android police officer). Scooby-Doo, although, at that time, did not include spectral solutions, was a fantasy with a dog who could speak near intelligibly and ten-decker sandwiches that could be swallowed in one bite.

I excluded a couple of shows that had traditional mystery settings but no mystery plotting (e.g., Barney Miller).

I used those with 99 votes or more as my cutoff. I included miniseries such as the Ian Carmichael Lord Peter Whimsey two-parters as individual entries. With these criteria, 98 shows were included from the very highly-rated Godfather Saga miniseries to the cringe-worthy, Mrs. Columbo.

Even though it IMDB is a truly international database, it has a bias in voting toward English-speaking countries and 42 entries were from the United States and 29 from British telly. That placed another 27 from a variety of countries.

Along the way I discovered that the Soviet Union has several highly ranking entries, but not so many that it appears that fans are rigging the votes. Germany has three police shows that started in the 1970s and are still continuing 40-some years later.

Below are the shows, their fan ratings (1 to 10). When the ratings were equal, the order is given by which one had the most votes.

By the way, The Rockford Files and Columbo were both rated 8.2, but Columbo received many more votes. Columbo might have more international appeal. Peter Falk appeared as an angel in the 1980s German film, Wings of Desire. He says that being an angel explains his film career, and, why not?

1. The Godfather Saga (1977) 9.5, Votes: 3,084
The Godfather I and II are woven together with additional footage for a mini-series.

2. The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed (1979) 9.0, Votes: 3,028
(Soviet Union) In the late forties a young detective tries to take down organized crime in Moscow. Great title.

3. The Sandbaggers (1978–1980) 8.9, Votes:  474
Adventures of an elite group of British spies.

4. Kottan ermittelt (1976–1983)   8.8, Votes:  311
Austrian satirical police series with the lead played by three different actors.

5. Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson: The Acquaintance (1979)  8.7, Votes:  2,403
Soviet Union. Vasiliy Livanov as Holmes and Vitali Solomin as Watson in the most famous encounter since Hercule met Poirot. Two parts but then repeated in future years with further adventures. This appears to be a formidable presentation of Sherlock Holmes.

6. Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (1979) 8.6, Votes: 5,558
Alec Guinness as George Smiley who investigates who among British intelligence is a Soviet spy. I've long said that Alec Guinness in this program was the best job of acting, ever.

7. Boney (1972–1973)  8.6, Votes:  128
James Laurenson as an aboriginal Australian police inspector.

8. 12 stulyev (12 Chairs) (1977) 8.5, Votes: 3,229
Soviet Union. One of twelve chairs holds jewels. Mel Brooks made an American version.

9. The Unpleasantness at the Bellona Club (1972), 8.5, Votes: 199
Ian Carmichael in his highest-rated outing as Lord Peter Whimsey.

10. Ellery Queen (1975–1976)  8.4, Votes:  896
Jim Hutton starring as the classic detective.

11. Eight Deadly Shots (1972) 8.4, Votes: 643
Finland. Mini-series. How a small farmer becomes a cop-killer.

12. Rebecca (1979) 8.4, Votes: 240
Joanna David dreams she returned to Manderlay.

13. Search (1972–1973)  8.4, Votes: 177
Hugh O'Brian, Doug McClure, Anthony Franciosa, and Burgess Meredith are high-tech private eyes.

14. Who Pays the Ferryman? (1977) 8.4, Votes: 108
A World War II veteran returns to the Isle of Crete where he was stationed in the war and finds a mystery.

15. Porridge (1974–1977)   8.3, Votes:  3,887
Ronnie Barker as a convict.

16. Five Red Herrings (1975) 8.3, Votes: 192
More Ian Carmichael as Whimsey.

17. Zatôichi monogatari (1974–1979)   8.3, Votes:  122
Japan. Shintarô Katsu as the blind vector of justice.

18. Columbo (1971–2003)  8.2, Votes: 20,652
Peter Falk as a rumpled-suited Los Angeles police detective.

19. The Rockford Files (1974–1980)  Votes:  5,121
James Garner solves crimes by sheer gaw-shucks charm.

20. The Persuaders! (1971–1972)    8.2, Votes: 3,468
Roger Moore as an English lord who joins forces with Tony Curtis, New Yorker.

21. Prisoner: Cell Block H (1979–1986)  8.2, Votes:  1,345
Women behind bars.

22. The Nine Tailors (1974) 8.2, Votes: 248
Ian Carmichael as Lord Peter Whimsey who solves a mystery of bells.

23. Clouds of Witness (1972– ) 8.2, Votes: 235
Ian Carmichael as Lord Peter Whimsey solves another canonic case.

24. Murder Must Advertise (1973) 8.2, Votes: 216
More whimsy.

25. The Professionals (1977–1983)  8.1, Votes:  1,837
Gordon Jackson and Martin Shaw are Bodie and Doyle, part of the investigative force of the British intelligence service.

26. Rupan sansei (1971–1972) 8.1,Votes: 1,279
Master thief Lupin III and his adventures are an institution in Japan.

27. Lupin the 3rd (1977–1980) 8.1, Votes:  1,108
Yet another incarnation of master thief Lupin III.

28. The Sweeney (1975–1978)    8.1, Votes:  1,207
John Thaw as a tough London police detective.

29. Longstreet (1971–1972)  8.1, Votes: 298
James Franciscus as a blind insurance investigator.

30. Hec Ramsey (1972–1974) 8.1, Votes:  163
Richard Boone as a detective in the Old West.

31. Nichols (1971–1972) 8.1, Votes:  155
James Garner as an Arizona sheriff. Also starring Margot Kidder.

32. Kidnapped (1978) 8.1, Votes: 144
A young kidnap victim, sold to the colonies, works out his return.

33. The Tiger Brigades (1974–1983)  8.0, Votes:  128
France. Early twentieth century motorized police brigade.

34. Budgie (1971–1972)  8.0, Votes:  115
Adam Faith as a petty crook.

35. Raffles (1975–1977)   8.0, Votes:  99
Anthony Valentine as master thief Raffles.

36. QB VII (1974) 7.9, Votes: 507
A physician may have been a Nazi war criminal.

37. Arsène Lupin (1971–1974)  7.9, Votes: 193
France. Georges Descrières as the gentleman thief.

38. Q & Q (1974–1976) 7.9, Votes:  128
Netherlands. Bob De Lange and Erik van 't Wout as boy detectives.

39. Minder (1979–1994)    7.8, Votes:  1,296
George Cole as a small time crook who hires a bodyguard.

40. The Snoop Sisters (1972–1974)   7.8, Votes:  171
Helen Hayes and Mildred Natwick are mystery writers and elderly sleuths.

41. Toma (1973–1974)  7.8, Votes: 113
Tony Musante as a New Jersey undercover detective.

42. Great Mysteries (1973–1974)  7.8, Votes: 113
If Orson Welles introduces mysteries, you'd better pay attention.

43. Kuda idu divlje svinje (1971–1971 ) 7.7, Votes: 265
Yugoslavia. Smugglers versus police in 1940s Zagreb.

44. Kortik (1974) 7.7, Votes: 220
Soviet Union. A family heirloom has a secret message inscribed. 

45. Bassie en Adriaan en de diamant (1979–1980) 7.7, Votes: 147.
Netherlands. A clown and acrobat are framed as jewel thieves.

46. The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries (1977–1979) 7.6, Votes:  973
Shaun Cassidy, Parker Stevenson and Pamela Sue Martin as teenage sleuths.

47. Banacek (1972–1974) , 7.6, Votes:  893
George Peppard solves impossible mysteries.

48. Harry O (1973–1976)   7.6, Votes:  414
David Janssen as a San Diego private eye.

49. The Magician (1973–1974)  7.6, Votes:  289
Bill Bixby is a magician who helps people in trouble and catches the bad guys.

50. Armchair Thriller (1978–1981)  7.6, Votes:  125
Anthology series.

51. Police Story (1973–1979)   7.5, Votes:  560
Anthology, police drama.

52. Jane Eyre (1973) 7.5, Votes: 384
A governess is hired to work at a mansion with a mystery.

53. The Rivals of Sherlock Holmes (1971–1973) 7.5, Votes:  121
Sherlock Holmes's detective competitors back in the 1890s.

54. Blind Ambition (1979) 7.5, Votes: 108
Martin Sheen as John Dean. Nixon cries out, "What with all the talent here, let's have a Watergate!"

55. Petrocelli (1974–1976)   7.4, Votes:  500
Barry Newman is a small town lawyer.

56. 07 zglos sie (1976–1987)  7.4, Votes:  144
Poland. The investigative unit of the militia.

57. Quincy M.E. (1976–1983)    7.3, Votes:  3,729
Jack Klugman as a medical examiner who solves crimes.

58. The Streets of San Francisco (1972–1977)   7.3, Votes:  3,724
Karl Malden and Michael Douglas on the streets.

59. Switch (1975–1978) 7.3, Votes:  287
Robert Wagner as an ex-con and Eddie Albert as a retired police detective who become private eyes.

60. Owen Marshall, Counselor at Law (1971–1974)  7.3, Votes:  156
Arthur Hill as a small town lawyer.

61. Van der Valk (1972–1992)   7.3, Votes:  155
Barry Foster in a British-made police show set in Amsterdam.

62. Cade's County (1971–1972)   7.3, Votes:  127
Glenn Ford as a Southwestern sheriff.

63. Tatort (1970–continuing)  7.2, Votes: 1795
German cop show which has now run for over 1000 episodes.

64. McMillan & Wife (1971–1977)  7.2, Votes: 1,455
Rock Hudson and Susan Saint James as San Francisco Police Commissioner and wife.

65. The New Avengers (1976–1977)  7.2, Votes:  1,303
Patrick Macnee as the suave head of an espionage unit.

66. Jason King (1971–1972)   7.2, Votes:  189
Peter Wyngarde as a womanizing spy.

67. Crown Court (1972–1984)  7.2, Votes:  132
Legal drama with an audience casting the verdict.

68. Crime and Punishment (1979) 7.2, Votes: 130
More like crime and capture.

69. Kojak (1973–1978)   7.1, Votes:  4,625
Telly Savalas as a lollipop-loving police detective.

70. The Protectors (1972–1973)   7.1, Votes:  247
Robert Vaughn, Nyree Dawn Porter, Tony Anholt are international, freelance crime fighters.

71. Father Brown (1974) 7.1, Votes:  222
Kenneth More as the clergyman detective.

72. Return of the Saint (1978–1979)   7.1, Votes:  196
Ian Ogilvy as Simon Templar.

73. The Blue Knight (1975–1976)    7.1, Votes:  124
George Kennedy as an L.A. cop.

74. McCloud (1970–1977)   7.0, Votes: 1844
A Southwestern sheriff in the streets of New York.

75. Barnaby Jones (1973–1980) 6.9, Votes:  1,504
Buddy Ebsen as an older private eye.

76. Delvecchio (1976–1977)   6.9, Votes:  108
Judd Hirsch as an LAPD Detective.

77. Serpico (1976–1977)   6.9, Votes:  104
David Birney as the famous undercover New York City detective.

78. Baretta (1975–1978)  6.8, Votes:  1,410
Robert Blake as an undercover New York City cop.

79. Vega$ (1978–1981) 6.8, Votes: 1045
Robert Urich as a Vegas P.I.

80. The Rookies (1972–1976)  6.8, Votes:  641
Three rookie police officers.

81. Out (1978)  6.8, Votes:  161
Out of prison, an ex-con tracks down those who framed him.

82. Shaft (1973–1974)   6.8, Votes:  146
Richard Roundtree as a tough PI.

83. Hart to Hart (1979–1984)    6.7, Votes:  3,934
Robert Wagner and Stefanie Powers as socialites who solve crimes.

84. Cannon (1971–1976)  6.7, Votes: 1,798
William Conrad as an ex-cop, now private investigator.

85. The Dain Curse (1978) 6.7, Votes: 144
James Coburn as the Continetal Op. 

86. Police Woman (1974–1978)  6.6, Votes:  1,165
Angie Dickinson as a female cop.

87. La porta sul buio (1973)   6.6, Votes:  132
Italian mystery, thriller anthology.

88. S.W.A.T. (1975–1976)  6.6, Votes:  1,123
Police strike squad.

89. Derrick (1974–1998)  6.6, Votes: 1,074
German. Horst Tappert is a police inspector in Munich.

90. Charlie's Angels (1976–1981)  6.5, Votes:  7,163
Kate Jackson, Farrah Fawcett, Jaclyn Smith as private eyes.

91. Bukow and König (originally: Polizeiruf 110) (1971–continuing )  6.5, Votes: 291
Police drama which began in East Germany in 1971 and which continues 46 years later.

92. The Rhinemann Exchange (1977) 6.5, Votes: 127
Espionage and diamonds in WWII. Cast includes José Ferrer and Larry Hagman

93. CHiPs (1977–1983) 6.4, Votes:  5,254
Erik Estrada and Larry Wilcox as California Highway Patrol officers.

94. Get Christie Love! (1974–1975)   6.4, Votes:  170
Teresa Graves as a groovy soul-woman undercover cop.

95. Der Alte (The Old Fox) (1977–continuing )  6.1, Votes:  415
A detective near retirement solves cases. Now running for 40 years.

96. 30 prípadu majora Zemana (1975–1980)  5.7, Votes:  171
Czechoslovakia. Vladimír Brabec stars as police inspector Major Zeman.

97. SOKO 5113 (1978–continuing)  5.7, Votes:  155
Another forever-long-running German police show, now in its 40th year.

98. Mrs. Columbo (1979–1980) 5.6, Votes:  216
Kate Mulgrew as Columbo's wife who also solves mysteries. The mystery of "why this show?" was never solved.


 Martin Hill Ortiz is the author of Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press.

Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press

Never Kill A Friend is available for purchase in hard cover format and as an ebook.
The story follows Shelley Krieg, an African-American detective for the Washington DC Metro PD as she tries to undo a wrong which sent an innocent teenager to prison.

Hard cover: Amazon US
Kindle: Amazon US
Hard cover: Amazon UK
Kindle: Amazon UK
Barnes and Noble

Thursday, May 4, 2017

Hitchcock by the Numbers.

I recently finished reading Patricia Highsmith's Strangers on a Train and I linked it in my mind to Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca. Both were written by women and both were darker in tone and plotting than their corresponding Hitchcock films. With The Birds as another example immediately springing to mind, I asked myself, how many Hitchcock films came from source material written by women?

Suggestions for my blog are always welcome.

So: Hitchcock by the Numbers.

In a career spanning 1925 to 1976, Hitchcock directed 54 feature films. You will find slight variations in this number being cited. The film Mary (1931) was filmed simultaneously and on the same sets as Murder! (1930) but with German actors and a German version of the script. I count this as two films. Some, when discussing the content of Hitchcock films leave out The Mountain Eagle (1927). The film is lost to history so we don't know, for example, whether Hitchcock made a cameo.

With that in mind, here goes.

  • Directed 54 feature films.
  • 40 were mysteries or thrillers.
  • -  11 of these were spy thrillers.
  • 10 were dramas or melodramas.
  • -  1 was a sports melodrama.
  • 3 were comedies and 2 more were mystery/comedies.
  • 1 musical.

  • 26 were adapted from novels.
  • 12 were from original screenplays or stories original to the screen.
  • -  1 of these won an Oscar for John Steinbeck (Lifeboat).
  • 11 were adapted from plays.
  • 2 were adapted from short stories.
  • 2 were adapted from non-fiction sources.

  • 39 had Hitchcock cameos.
  • 6 films included Leo G. Carroll
  • 4 films included Cary Grant or Jimmy Stewart
  • 3 films included Grace Kelly or Ingrid Bergman


As to crediting the writers, I looked at the source material, i.e., Rebecca was du Maurier and not those who worked on the screenplay. If the story was written directly to screen, then the screenplay writers or original story writers were counted. I limited my count to the credited writers. Hitchcock and his wife, Alma Reville, often had a hand in shaping scripts. When three collaborated, a one-third value was given. When two, a one-half value. (Hence 5/6ths, 1/2 plus 1/3).

  • From male writers: 42 and 5/6ths.
  • From female writers: 11 and 1/6th. 
(Many of the best films were from female writers, beginning with Hitchcock's breakthrough film, The Lodger.)

IMDB ranking.

IMDB allows those registered to rate films from one to ten. With 42 million visitors per month it is the 48th most visited site on the internet. The films of Alfred Hitchcock have received a total of 2.5 million votes for an averaging rating of 7.0. Presented below are the films as ranked. While I disagree with some of the ordering, for example, Dial M for Murder is too high, overall, the list has merit. Psycho probably received first place because it is the most modern and highest impact Hitchcock film (it certainly has the most memorable soundtrack). Some were probably upvoted because they appeal to film enthusiasts for their experimentation (Rope). My personal favorite is Notorious.

Film title original (year released) IMDB rating, IMDB votes.

  1. Psycho (1960) 8.5, 453037
  2. Rear Window (1954) 8.5, 338201
  3. Vertigo (1958) 8.4, 268112
  4. North by Northwest (1959) 8.4, 233195
  5. Dial M for Murder (1954) 8.2, 115226
  6. Rebecca (1940) 8.2, 93236  
  7. Strangers on a Train (1951) 8.0, 103272   
  8. Rope (1948) 8.0, 101123  
  9. Notorious (1946) 8.0, 76970    
  10. Shadow of a Doubt (1943) 8.0, 47715
  11. The Lady Vanishes (1938) 7.9, 37720
  12. The 39 Steps (1935) 7.8, 41802   
  13. Lifeboat (1944) 7.8, 21427   
  14. The Birds (1963) 7.7, 136624
  15. Spellbound (1945) 7.6, 34644
  16. Foreign Correspondent (1940) 7.6, 14342   
  17. To Catch a Thief (1955) 7.5, 49068  
  18. The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956) 7.5, 44830   
  19. Frenzy (1972) 7.5, 32557   
  20. The Wrong Man (1956) 7.5, 20022   
  21. Suspicion (1941) 7.4, 25006   
  22. I Confess (1953) 7.3, 15267   
  23. The Lodger (1927) 7.3, 7286   
  24. Marnie (1964) 7.2, 35784   
  25. The Trouble with Harry (1955) 7.2, 26347   
  26. Saboteur (1942) 7.2, 18534   
  27. Sabotage (1936) 7.1, 11,670   
  28. Stage Fright (1950) 7.1, 9879
  29. Blackmail (1929) 7.0, 7461   
  30. Young and Innocent (1937) 7.0, 6838   
  31. The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934) 6.9, 13296   
  32. Family Plot (1976) 6.8, 16276   
  33. Torn Curtain (1966) 6.7, 19688   
  34. Secret Agent (1936) 6.6, 6381      
  35. The Paradine Case (1947) 6.5, 7871
  36. Mr. & Mrs. Smith (1941) 6.5, 7563
  37. Murder! (1930) 6.4, 4359   
  38. Topaz (1969) 6.3, 13325      
  39. Jamaica Inn (1939) 6.3, 6873   
  40. The Manxman (1929) 6.3, 1913
  41. Under Capricorn (1949) 6.2, 4921
  42. The Ring (1927) 6.2, 2381
  43. Downhill (1927) 6.2 1321
  44. The Farmer's Wife (1928) 6.0, 1838  
  45. The Pleasure Garden (1925) 6.0, 1499
  46. Waltzes from Vienna (1934) 6.0, 877
  47. Mary (1931) 6.0, 414           
  48. Rich and Strange (1931) 5.9, 3139   
  49. Number Seventeen (1932) 5.8, 3583   
  50. The Skin Game  (1931) 5.8, 2164
  51. Easy Virtue  (1928) 5.7, 1935
  52. Champagne (1928) 5.6, 1459   
  53. Juno and the Paycock (1930) 4.8, 1627
  54. The Mountain Eagle (1927) lost film, zero votes.


 Martin Hill Ortiz is the author of Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press.

Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press

Never Kill A Friend is available for purchase in hard cover format and as an ebook.
The story follows Shelley Krieg, an African-American detective for the Washington DC Metro PD as she tries to undo a wrong which sent an innocent teenager to prison.

Hard cover: Amazon US
Kindle: Amazon US
Hard cover: Amazon UK
Kindle: Amazon UK
Barnes and Noble

Saturday, April 29, 2017

A Review of Water Signs by Janet Dawson

Water Signs (2017, Perseverance Press) is the second Janet Dawson/Jeri Ryan novel that I've recently read and reviewed, after the excellent Cold Trail

California has always had the blessings and curses of being a paradise that fell to earth. The Jeri Ryan, P.I. series catalogues the plagues of Northern California: in Cold Trail, vineyards compete with marijuana and traditional farmers; in Water Signs, we visit the cut-throat world of Bay Shore real estate developers. Considering all of the challenges facing California, Dawson has plenty of fodder for future entries.

The strengths of this series are its sense of place and its grounding in the real world. The details are well-researched and provide a verisimilitude to the novel. Dawson has a master's in history and experience as a journalist and she uses this background to capture Northern California in place and time. Similarly, the detective Jeri Ryan solves her cases through hard work, there are no magical plot twists or clues dropping from the sky. If you want to know how a private eye really operates, this is the series to go to: a book for mystery writers as much as readers.

All this said, I found Water Signs a bit more tepid than Cold Trail. In Cold Trail, there was the ticking clock emergency, the necessity of finding her missing brother. Although effective, ticking clocks can't always be used and in Water Signs, the sense of urgency is missing. What caused the death of an old friend/security guard could have been an alcohol-fueled accident or murder. At the beginning there was little evidence of murder, so I was forced to rely on Jeri Ryan and the victim's daughter's instincts that this death was foul play.

Nevertheless, the journey is the thing and Janet Dawson demonstrates fine storytelling skills which make this a worthwhile read.

Janet Dawson's website.

Review of Janet Dawson's Cold Trail.


 Martin Hill Ortiz is the author of Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press.

Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press

Never Kill A Friend is available for purchase in hard cover format and as an ebook.
The story follows Shelley Krieg, an African-American detective for the Washington DC Metro PD as she tries to undo a wrong which sent an innocent teenager to prison.

Hard cover: Amazon US
Kindle: Amazon US
Hard cover: Amazon UK
Kindle: Amazon UK
Barnes and Noble

Friday, April 21, 2017

The Holmes Curse at the University of Michigan

Herman Webster Mudgett, better known as the serial killer Dr. Henry H. Holmes, was the most notorious criminal of the late 19th century. After he was sentenced to death in 1895, the legend of a curse grew around him: death, disabling disease or personal ruin would follow those involved in his trial and imprisonment. Prominent among those said to have succumbed to the curse were the jury foreman who died by accidental electrocution (a rare thing in the 1890s) and the seemingly violent death of his spiritual adviser.

I don't abide by the notion of the curse. An equal number of those around Holmes prospered for decades beyond his death. Nevertheless, if one is going to talk about a Holmes curse, you might need to go back to his days in medical school when an unusual number of his classmates died.

Mudgett studied medicine at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, beginning his medical education in fall of 1882 and graduating in June of 1884. During the year prior to his arrival one student died. During the two years after his departure, a total of three died. During his two years there, thirteen died.

Excerpted from an 1880 bird's-eye map of Ann Arbor, MI. Holmes lived at 15 Cemetery, at the corner of Cemetery and Observatory (middle right). The entrance to the cemetery is marked with a "6." The Medical School buildings are on the middle left, marked with a "25."

A Diversion: A Medical Education at the University of Michigan in the mid-1880s.

According to a History of the University of Michigan (1885), "The qualification for admission [to the medical school] were . . . a good English education, a knowledge of natural philosophy and of elementary mathematical sciences, and some slight acquaintance with Latin and Greek."

Over the course of the 1880s the program changed, dropping the requirement of a thesis and transitioning to three years. Holmes/Mudgett stayed two years, perhaps receiving credit for his apprenticeship with Dr. Wight in his hometown.

The student's commencement speech for the medical school class of '83 included a volumetric and statistical description—with a bit of tongue in cheek.

The graduating students totaled 2,675 years in age. The heaviest weighed 225 pounds, the lightest 95 pounds. The tallest was 6 foot 3, the shortest 4 foot 11 in high heels.

The costs and living expenses for the medical education averaged $355 dollars per year. Fifty-four students, approximately half, were described as self-sustaining, i.e., working their ways through medical school.

Occupations before entering*:

36 students.
31 teachers.
10 farming.
5 clerks.
5 jacks-of-all-trades.
2 railroading.
1 each: mechanic, agent, druggist, jeweler; oil operator; "woman's sphere."
1 each: idle, pleasure-seeker, growing up.

*Note: not all total the same number of responses.


48 Republicans.
20 Democrats.
5 Prohibitionists.
4 Free-traders.
1 each: Liberal, Anti-monopolist, Anti-secret, Anti-whiskey.

Student Deaths, 1882-1884.

The following are the student deaths which took place during the time in which Mudgett/Holmes was enrolled. The main sources were The Palladium, a student annual put out by the secret societies (i.e., fraternities and sororities) and The Chronicle, a student newspaper published during the terms.

1882-83. The fall session began September 27, 1882 and the professional schools began classes on October 1st.

  • d. September 29, 1882. Sidney H. Burt. (Literary Department) No cause of death mentioned. Died at home. "Cut down in bloom of life."
  • d. October 21, 1882. Sarah Ella Hunt. (Medical School). In the Michigan Argonaut it says she died of a sudden and painful illness, typhoid. (class officer: seer)
  • d. November 4, 1882. Leonard B. [or D.] Smith. (Medical School). Hemorrhage of the lungs.
  • d. January, 1883. Ralph Kuechler. (Literary Department.) Died of pyemia after tonsil surgery led to infection.
  • d. February 10, 1883. W.J. Nichols. Fatal shooting, believed alone in barn, bullet through his eye. Labeled as accident.
  • d. February 1883. Robert D. Stephens. (Medical School) Died of pneumonia while accompanying body of Ralph Kuechler to Austin, TX for burial.
  • d. February 7, 1883. William A. Turney. (Literary Dept.). Typhoid pneumonia.
  • d. May 4, 1893. Jason DeWitt Schafer [also written as J.W. Shaffer]. Died of pyemia. (Described as friend of Robert Stephens)

1883-84. The fall session began September 26, 1883 and the professional schools began classes on October 1st.

  • d. January 16, 1884. William Walter Harris. (Literary Dept.). "Quick consumption."
  • d. January 18, 1884. Frank Kilbourn Ferguson. (Literary Dept.). Typhoid.
  • d. February 5, 1884. John F. Cowing, (Law School). Bright's disease.
  • d. February 14, 1884. Lincoln G. Williams, (Law School). Stated that he died February 14 in The Chronicle but corrected in March, saying that he had not died. Michigan Death Index, 1867-1889 lists him as dying June 14, 1884. He could have had a lingering illness, supposed death and then ultimate death.
  • d. May 21, 1884. James A. Jennings, (Medical School) Malignant diphtheria.

Holmes graduation: June 26, 1884.

Before and After.

Let's compare this to how students fared the year before Holmes arrived.

The year before Mudgett:

1881-1882. (one death)

  • d. January 9, 1882. Noyes A. Darling. (Dental school) Cause of death uncertain. Suspected "poisoning of organic nerve centers."

The year after Mudgett:

1884-1885. (three deaths)

  • d. August 19, 1884. Lincoln Buzzard. (Literary Department) Drowned in Base Lake.
  • d. November 14, 1884. George B. Mizner (Law School). (Cause of death not stated)
  • d. February 15, 1885. Homer S. Lynn (Medical School). (Cause of death not stated)

Two years after Mudgett:


no deaths.

What to Make of This.

 During Holmes's two years at the University of Michigan, there were an average of five more deaths than usual per year. Nine of these deaths were ascribed to infections, one due to hemorrhage of the lungs, one violence, and for two I could not find the suggested cause.

The uptick in mortality was noted at the time:

"This [Cowing's death] is another factor in the unprecedented mortality in the University." (The Chronicle, February 16, 1884, p.174)

Is it possible that Mudgett was responsible? First of all, "is it possible" is near the lowest of all standards. So, yes, it is possible. Here, in my personal order of likelihood (most to least likely and they are all unlikely), are the means by which Holmes could have been behind several of the deaths.

  • 1. He could have been involved in the gunshot death and the deaths for which I could not find a cause.
  • 2. Determining cause of death at the time was (and still is) an imprecise task. Certain poisons can cause diarrhea and wasting and electrolyte imbalances and kidney failure. Perhaps some of the causes of death were misdiagnosed.
  • 3. Holmes could have visited sick beds and did something to make the patient worse. 
  • 4. Holmes was involved in the acquisition of bodies for dissection. He could have lowered the standards and acquired bodies from places with disease outbreaks. Included with the story of the dental student's death was a note that said they did not believe it was secondary to dissection of a contaminated corpse.
  • 5. Holmes could have purposefully infected his fellow students.

Let me comment on the last one. Although purposefully spreading disease by, for example, passing over a louse-filled blanket taken from a dead man was a possibility, culturing microorganisms, even the science of understanding which microorganisms caused which disease, was in its infancy at the time. Infecting with specific organisms would have been borderline science fiction. The University of Michigan Medical School would open its first microbiology laboratory for students in 1887.

A final note: the time before and after Holmes in the 1880s were associated with violent death for Ann Arbor. In 1881, President James Garfield was assassinated by an ex-student of Ann Arbor High School, Charles Guiteau. Guiteau had been turned down for admission to the University of Michigan. Of course, Holmes went on to a career as the most notorious murder in the United States in the 1890s.

On top of this, the most notorious murderer in England of the 20th century, H.H. Crippen, was a classmate of Holmes, having attended the homeopathic program in 1883.

While Holmes went on to star in Erik Larson's The Devil in the White City, Crippen took center stage in Larson's next book: Thunderstruck.

Previously: Holmes at the University of Michigan, Part One.
Holmes at the University of Michigan, Part Two.

Adam Selzer endeavors to separate myth from fact in his new biography of H.H. Holmes.

H.H. Holmes is a major character in my novel, A Predator's Game.

A Predator's Game is available in soft-cover and ebook editions through Amazon and other online retailers.

A Predator's Game, now available, Rook's Page Publishing.

Nikola Tesla, Arthur Conan Doyle and Dr. Henry H. Holmes are all characters in my  thriller, A Predator's Game, Rook's Page Publishing.

Back page blurb of A Predator's Game.

Manhattan, 1896.

When the author Arthur Conan Doyle meets Nikola Tesla he finds a tall, thin genius with a photographic memory and a keen eye, and recognizes in the eccentric inventor the embodiment of his creation, Sherlock. Together, they team up to take on an "evil Holmes." Multi-murderer Dr. Henry H. Holmes has escaped execution and is unleashing a reign of terror upon the metropolis. Set in the late nineteenth century in a world of modern marvels, danger and invention, Conan Doyle and Tesla engage the madman in a deadly game of wits.

Martin Hill Ortiz, also writing under the name, Martin Hill, is the author of A Predatory Mind. Its sequel, set in 1890s Manhattan and titled A Predator's Game,  available from Rook's Page Publishing.

His recent mystery, Never Kill A Friend, is available from Ransom Note Press. 

His epic poem, Two Mistakes, won second place in the 2015 Margaret Reid/Tom Howard Poetry Competition. He can be contacted at

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

H.H. Holmes: A Man for Our Times

Selzer's Biography of Holmes

Dr. Henry H. Holmes was the most notorious criminal of late nineteenth century America.  Adam Selzer, who has spent years separating out Holmes the historical character from Holmes the myth, has put together a near-500-page biography of Holmes which came out just this month. Holmes comes across as a ruthless entrepreneur who did in his victims as part of swindles, scams and cover-ups. A pitiless killer, many of his business practices make it sound as though he could succeed even in the very competitive New York real estate market of today.

1. One means by which Holmes made his fortune was  by constructing buildings and then refusing to pay his laborers. He would often cite something wrong with the workmanship, not pay, and let the companies sue him.

When Aetna Iron and Steel sued Holmes in 1888 for non-payment, Holmes responded to the suit alleging that "one of the steel beams provided was slightly too short, negating the entire contract." A. Selzer, H.H. Holmes: The True History of the White City Devil. loc. 775, Kindle, 2017, Skyhorse Publishing.

2. Holmes put together famous buildings in or at the border of major cities (Chicago, Fort Worth). In fact, the Holmes Castles (often referred to as hotels or "murder castles") became some of the best-known real estate in America. Truly, he was ahead of his time at branding his name.

A Holmes hotel promised a certain quality of lodging experience.

3. Holmes would often denounce the lying press of his day. This would occur both when the press invented a story, such as accusing him of murdering someone who was still alive, or when the press correctly quoted him. The latter would follow a pattern: Benjamin Pitezel committed suicide. I murdered him. How dare you say I murdered him? He died in an accident. Benjamin Pitezel is still alive. He's in Paraguay.

After several confessions, Holmes claimed to have murdered no one.

4. Holmes had diversified businesses. Although he never claimed to run a university, he had at various times and often simultaneously: a clinic for alcoholism, a glass-bending business, a printing company and a company marketing printers, an invention for making gas from water, a pharmacy, landlord at a boarding house, sold real estate, and a second-hand furniture business where he bought furniture on credit (and never paid) and sold it.

5. Holmes married three times. A master of efficiency and juggling, he was married to all three at once and, until his arrest, none of his wives knew of the others' existence. It is possible he faked marriages on other occasions to get the women to sign over properties before their untimely deaths or strange disappearances.

6. Holmes was a loyal Republican. When Holmes was in prison, accused of, among other crimes, having murdered three children, he claimed these victims were still alive and in the care of a confederate, Minnie Williams. In reality, Holmes did kill the children, along with the children's father and Williams and her sister. Nevertheless, he claimed that Williams could be contacted using a New York Herald personal ad and the following code:

The Republican Code. From: The Holmes-Pitezel case; a history of the greatest crime of the century and of the search for the missing Pitezel children by Geyer, Frank P.,1896

Other Holmes' posts at my site:

The Mystery of H.H. Holmes
Holmes at the University of Vermont Medical School
Holmes at the University of Michigan, Part One
Holmes at the University of Michigan, Part Two
The Twenty Seven Murders of Holmes, A Series
Criminality in the Hair.
Holmes in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Holmes Doomed to Misfortune

And some related to Trump:
The Strange Case of Donald Trump and Mr. Hyde
Did The Apprentice Kill NBC?
Those Whom Trump Called Racist.

A 1947 comic book with the story of H.H. Holmes.

A Predator's Game is available in soft-cover and ebook editions through Amazon and other online retailers.

A Predator's Game, now available, Rook's Page Publishing.

Nikola Tesla, Arthur Conan Doyle and Dr. Henry H. Holmes are all characters in my  thriller, A Predator's Game, Rook's Page Publishing.

Back page blurb of A Predator's Game.

Manhattan, 1896.

When the author Arthur Conan Doyle meets Nikola Tesla he finds a tall, thin genius with a photographic memory and a keen eye, and recognizes in the eccentric inventor the embodiment of his creation, Sherlock. Together, they team up to take on an "evil Holmes." Multi-murderer Dr. Henry H. Holmes has escaped execution and is unleashing a reign of terror upon the metropolis. Set in the late nineteenth century in a world of modern marvels, danger and invention, Conan Doyle and Tesla engage the madman in a deadly game of wits.

Martin Hill Ortiz, also writing under the name, Martin Hill, is the author of A Predatory Mind. Its sequel, set in 1890s Manhattan and titled A Predator's Game,  available from Rook's Page Publishing.

His recent mystery, Never Kill A Friend, is available from Ransom Note Press. 

His epic poem, Two Mistakes, won second place in the 2015 Margaret Reid/Tom Howard Poetry Competition. He can be contacted at

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

To Kill A Dead Man: The Afterdeath of Edgar Allan Poe.

Poe - army deserter, drug fiend, erratic genius - or not.

Edgar Allan Poe had the misfortune of having his enemy take charge of his literary estate and reputation. Upon Poe's death, the Reverend Rufus W. Griswold penned an obituary which began:

"EDGAR ALLAN POE is dead. He died in Baltimore the day before yesterday. This announcement will startle many, but few will be grieved by it."

And continued with:

"Irascible, envious — bad enough, but not the worst, for these salient angles were all varnished over with a cold repellent cynicism, his passions vented themselves in sneers. There seemed to him no moral susceptibility; and, what was more remarkable in a proud nature, little or nothing of the true point of honor."

Griswold went on to claim that Poe had named him literary executor. To support Griswold's claim of his close association with Poe, he offered correspondence—which he had forged. In exchange for six sets of the books forwarded to Poe's aunt (who was not Poe's heir), Griswold published and pocketed the money from the first posthumous Poe collection.

As part of the introduction to one of the volumes, Griswold wrote a highly-imagined biography of Poe. Of Poe's time at the University of Virginia:

"[Poe] would have graduated with the highest honors, had not his gambling, intemperance, and other vices, induced his expulsion from the university"

Reality: Poe was not expelled. Other than gambling, he didn't appear to have vices, nor could he afford them. According to Griswold, Poe, to escape gambling debts:

". . .soon after left the country with the Quixotic intention of joining the Greeks, then in the midst of their struggle with the Turks. He never reached his destination, and we know but little of his adventures in Europe for nearly a year. By the end of this time he had made his way to St. Petersburgh."

Poe never made such a trip to Europe or Russia, nor had he ever been out of the United States since age 11.

After many more errors in Poe's biography, Griswold summed up the man whose estate he was currently robbing: "Poe exhibits scarcely any virtue in either his life or his writings."

What Had Poe Done to Earn Griswold's Wrath?

Reverend Griswold's greatest crime was his mediocrity. Beginning in the 1840s, Griswold compiled a series called The Poets and Poetry of America. Other than including one or two who were deserving, such as Poe, the work was filled by forgettable poets. As the critic Henry B. Wirth said in a review, ". . . if ever such a thing as literary ruin existed, or exists, nine-tenths of the Poets (!) of America are ruined forever by the praise of Mr. Griswold!"

An anonymous critic used poetry to lampoon Griswold's choice of poets.

  So cold your strain, so dead your accents fall,
  Great thanks to Griswold that ye live at all!

One contemporary, John Sartain, declared Griswold a blackmailer, saying that he had to pay Griswold to avoid a negative review.

Poe joined in the criticism. "Have you seen Griswold's Book of Poetry? It is a most outrageous humbug. . ." (Poe to J. E. Snodgrass, June 4, 1842)

"It is a pity that so many of these biographies were entrusted to Mr. Griswold. He certainly lacks independence, or judgment, or both" (Poe to James Russell Lowell, October 19, 1843)

Griswold's characterization of Poe has haunted Poe since. This was due to those who took Griswold's biography at face value, those who incorporated it into future biographies and those who insisted on seeing evil inside a man who often wrote about evil.

Poe had personality flaws. Many great writers have been forgiven for their alcoholism. His melancholy bouts seem to be no more than what had been pressed upon him during his brief and tragic life.

Some of his work now seems contrived. The Gold-Bug, his first huge success is racist both in its language and in its depiction of a slow-witted slave.

His choice of subjects, horror, mystery and the fantastic, are often considered a lower art. Poe was acutely aware that he often wrote "pulp." Poe took these forms seriously and codified the rules for new genres: the detective story and science fiction.

Nevertheless, Poe was a professional. He was brilliant, dedicated to his craft, a formidable stylist and critic.

The citations in this article are all from the Poe Society [links below]. The general story was filled in using the biography, "Edgar Allan Poe: The Fever Called Living." Paul Collins, New Harvest, 2014. 

Poe's place on the list of the Top 100 Mysteries.

Among the titles referred to on the Top 100 Mysteries (Mystery Writers of America) and the Top 100 Crime Novels (Crime Writers Association), Tales of Mystery and Imagination is the most enigmatic. There have been several Poe compilations, some with this exact title, some with a slight variant.

Author: Edgar Allan Poe
Book: Tales of Mystery and Imagination.
Publication: 1852? As noted by CWA and MWA.
There was a Poe book titled: Tales of Mystery, Imagination and Humour and Poems published in 1852. The first Poe collective titled, Tales of Mystery and Imagination was published in 1902. These had different contents.
Rank: #23 on the CWA list, #3 on the MWA list.
Age of author at time of publication: posthumous
Previous novels published by this author: one novel, several collections of short stories.
Opening line: Many years ago I contracted an intimacy with a Mr. William LeGrand. (from The Gold-Bug, the opening story in the 1902 edition.)
Significance: Helped invent the detective story and science fiction. Has given melancholy teens something to brood about for going on two centuries, well before Goth. Many stories have defined our cultural heritage, including, The Tell Tale Heart, The Murders in the Rue Morgue, The Black Cat, The Pit and the Pendulum, The Raven, The Fall of the House of Usher, The Cask of Amontillado, and The Mask of Red Death.

Links to the Edgar Allan Poe Society.

Poe Versus Griswold
Griswold's Memoir of Poe.


 Martin Hill Ortiz is the author of Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press.

Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press

Never Kill A Friend is available for purchase in hard cover format and as an ebook.
The story follows Shelley Krieg, an African-American detective for the Washington DC Metro PD as she tries to undo a wrong which sent an innocent teenager to prison.

Hard cover: Amazon US
Kindle: Amazon US
Hard cover: Amazon UK
Kindle: Amazon UK
Barnes and Noble 

Monday, March 27, 2017

Adverbs and the Road to Hell

While many languages are romantic and flowing, English is muscular and lean. It permits a direct discourse of cause to effect: subject kicks object.

English is well-suited for marketing and exaggeration. The adjective assumes a higher importance than the thing. The adjective precedes the noun. What strikes with more force in the following sentences? It was a bright cold day in April. . . or, I am an invisible man. Day and man have a secondary emphasis to bright, cold and invisible. The adjective can replace and become the noun: The Bold and the Beautiful. The adjective can follow an indicative verb and the noun equals the adjective. I am cold.

English stylists of the terse school of writing have long declared that the most important part of speech is the verb. If you select the right verb, you've constructed a forceful sentence. I phrase this advice as: "Choose the strongest, most vivid verb your sentence will allow."

From MacBeth's soliloquy.

Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day,
To the last syllable of recorded time;
And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
Life's [is] but a walking shadow, a poor player,
That struts and frets his hour upon the stage,
And then is heard no more. It is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing.

We have vivid movement verbs carrying a heavy weight: creeps, struts, frets. We have the sensory verbs; lighted, heard, told. As in death, the light is to be snuffed out (out!). Even the humble verb "is" is used to equate two nouns: Life equals a walking shadow; Life equals a tale told by an idiot. What does all this mean? Shadows, idiot tales, poor players, fools. It signifies nothing.

In line with the supremacy of the verb, stylists consider the adverb to be the lowliest part of speech. The adverb says: I didn't get the verb right and now I have to modify it. Ben Blatt, in his sprightly look at literature by the numbers, Nabokov's Favorite Word Is Mauve: And Other Experiments in Literature cites Stephen King's advice, "The road to hell is paved with adverbs."

Adverbs are like cholesterol: you have the good and the bad forms. Blatt divided out the bad form: the -ly adverbs, and then counted. Stephen King uses 105 -ly adverbs per 100,000 words. Hemingway, a spare 80. Blatt further goes on to demonstrate that many authors have fewer adverbs in their most acclaimed books. Faulkner had 31 and 42 adverbs per 100,000 words in As I Lay Dying and The Sound and the Fury, respectively, but had 130 or more in the forgettable (and forgotten) Soldiers' Pay and Mosquitoes.


Blatt examines Elmore Leonard's writing advice. One rule admonishes against the use of the adverb, "suddenly." He shows graphically how Leonard over his career had forty plus suddenlys per 100,000 words in his first four books and not once in his last nine novels.

How do mystery novelists perform with "suddenly?" In marking the performance of 52 authors, Blatt includes the performance of five who were primarily mystery writers.

Suddenlys per 100,000 words

Dan Brown, 59
Agatha Christie, 46.
James Patterson (22 Alex Cross books), 38.
Gillian Flynn 29.
Elmore Leonard 9.

This group fairs more poorly than the median rate for all authors he analyzed (24 per 100,000). Dan Brown has more suddenlys than some authors have total adverbs. I have no doubt he is laughing raucously all the way to the bank.

How well do I perform? I have three published novels and one novella. These average out at 71 adverbs per 100,000 and 3 suddenlys/100,000. While I don't go out of my way to follow Leonard's rules, they have invaded my writing style.

I have previously characterized Elmore Leonard's rules as: Do not write like a 19th century author whose fainting couch overfloweth.

While composing this post I was reading Mary Roberts Rinehart's The Circular Staircase, (1908), a classic in the genre of spooky house with mysterious goings-on. I could not help but noting, again and again, adverbs modifying everything. After finishing I tallied up the incidents: 140 adverbs and 36 suddenlys per 100,000 words.

The rate of the use of the word "suddenly" by seven mystery writers. Patterson represents James Patterson's 22 Alex Cross novels. Rinehart is Mary Roberts Rinehart's The Circular Staircase. Most of this data came from Blatt's book, referenced above.

In Praise of the Adverb.

The terse, lean language advocated in The Elements of Style and by others is not the only worthwhile form. Choosing to write effusively, rather than directly, is another choice. English can be a nimble language and its phrasing can be made to reflect that of the romantic languages.

From my pre-adolescent days, I remember reading a Reader's Digest article that spoke of a study which found that people who used adverbs in their speech were more likeable (and you can be more likeable using adverbs!). Ever since, I've noted authors who exploit this. "Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn." (The movie version. The book version had two adverbs in the sentence). Within dialogue, exclamation points and adverbs and indirect speech serve to make a character colorful. My personal touchstone example of indirectness and repetition being used to make a character endearing is M*A*S*H's Radar O'Reilly. For example, "There might be naked female personnel showering in there with their clothes off!" and "Of course I could, but I'm not. I mean, I do, but I didn't!" I can't find the quote online, but from memory: "You're a female woman of the lady gender."

So, why all of these admonitions against adverbs? They are often found among the laziest and most amateur of writing. Good writing is never lazy. Good writing chocked full of adverbs and imprecision demands an even steadier hand at the helm: you are traversing choppy waters.


How Well Do Famous Authors Follow Elmore Leonard's Rules for Writing? Part One.
How Well Do Famous Authors Follow Elmore Leonard's Rules for Writing? Part Two.

 Martin Hill Ortiz is the author of Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press.

Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press

Never Kill A Friend is available for purchase in hard cover format and as an ebook.
The story follows Shelley Krieg, an African-American detective for the Washington DC Metro PD as she tries to undo a wrong which sent an innocent teenager to prison.

Hard cover: Amazon US
Kindle: Amazon US
Hard cover: Amazon UK
Kindle: Amazon UK
Barnes and Noble 

Friday, March 24, 2017

Benjamin Button and The Supreme Court

(Benjamin Button was the F. Scott Fitzgerald character who grew from old to young.)

Over the history of the United States, there have been 114 Supreme Court Justices including 3 living and retired and 8 living and serving.

Neil Gorsuch, if he were to be confirmed and sworn in on April 1st, would be 49 years 7 months and 2 days in age, the 29th youngest. While that might not sound too drastic on the young side, 13 of the 28 youngest justices were born in the 18th century. Among those born from the start of the 20th century, only 4 have been younger.

The four youngest Supreme Court Justices, all of those sworn in while they were in their thirties, were born in the 18th century. In terms of life expectancy, the most recent justices have been the youngest justices in history. This trend is especially true for the recent Republican appointees. Clarence Thomas was the second youngest justice sworn in since 1853. John Roberts became the youngest Chief Justice of the Supreme Court since 1801.

Dividing the group up into quartiles we have the following.
The average age at time of being sworn in versus age at death for Supreme Court Justices, 1789 to present. The time periods have been divided into quartiles (28 to 29 justices). The difference is the number of years lived between being sworn in and death.

In the first period the average age was just under fifty. This increased to over fifty-five in the third period and then declined again more recently. In the meantime, life expectancy, determined by how long the justices actually did live, increased from 70 to 80 years. (I was surprised those born in the 18th century lived to 70.) Eleven of the twelve most recent appointees are still living and their deaths did not figure into the fourth quartile figures.)

From the above graph we can see there was little change in life expectancy from the age of being sworn in, until the fourth quartile in which case the justices got younger while the life expectancy continued to increase.

Since January 1972, when two of Nixon's candidates were confirmed to the Supreme Court, the majority of the court have come from Republican presidents. That would have changed in 2016 with the nomination of Merrick Garland (then 63 years old). No hearings were given to the nomination.

The Republican's long run has been in part due to chance of history (ten consecutive justices between 1969 and 1991), the refusal to hold hearings, and the young age of the Republican candidates. The last of these three allowed those sitting to continue serving for a longer period of time.

Ages of Supreme Court justices at the time of being sworn in since the beginning of the Republican-appointed majority in 1972. Red were selected by Republican presidents; blue by Democratic presidents. [Gorsuch] is pending.

Over this period the average age of a Republican judge at the time of being sworn in was 52.2 years and the average age of a Democratic nominee was 55.4. The 52.2 years drops to 50.8 years if the first selection, Powell is removed. The Republicans have been putting forward nominees 3 years younger to 4.6 years younger by the latter criterion.

Neil Gorsuch is under 50 years of age. The last time a Democratic president had a Supreme Court Justice under fifty was in 1962.

The Excel files of all ages are available by request.

 Martin Hill Ortiz is the author of Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press.

Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press

Never Kill A Friend is available for purchase in hard cover format and as an ebook.
The story follows Shelley Krieg, an African-American detective for the Washington DC Metro PD as she tries to undo a wrong which sent an innocent teenager to prison.

Hard cover: Amazon US
Kindle: Amazon US
Hard cover: Amazon UK
Kindle: Amazon UK
Barnes and Noble 

Saturday, March 18, 2017

Never Kill A Contest.

A prize of $100 (US) will be awarded to the author who best completes the short story, The Final Confession, the first 1,100 words of which are presented below. Alternative prize formats are presented after the story. The total length should be between 2,000 and 5,000 words. The completed short story will be submitted as co-authors to a journal of the winner's choosing. All proceeds from future sales will be divided evenly between the co-authors.

Rights: The writing and ideas from all non-winning submissions will continue to belong to those who enter. [You can finish the story, then go back and write a new first half and then it's all yours.]

Fees: There is no fee to enter.

Judging the Winner: I will be the judge. I will look for the piece that best dramatically completes the story with the highest quality of writing. Several further considerations are presented at the end of the piece.

I reserve the right to edit the final story to maintain consistency in tone. Although Detective Shelley Krieg is a character from my novel, Never Kill A Friend, it is not necessary to use other characters or info from the book.

How to Enter: To enter, include your conclusion to the story in the body of an email to by 11:59 p.m., June 15th, 2017, EST along with word count, your name, address, phone, and email. Include the words "contest entry" in the email subject line. Do not send your submission as an attachment. The winner will be announced July 15th.

Martin Hill Ortiz

    The Final Confession

    Only one thing could be worse than having a boyfriend whose idea of a romantic Valentine's date consisted of a dinner at Arby's: being stood up.

    Shelley Krieg sawed at the papery meat between her teeth with the pinched end of a soda straw. She had ordered a Junior sandwich to tamp down the hour-long anger in her belly, an agitation which intensified with the waiting. And waiting. No phone calls, no messages, his phone off-line.

    The sandwich merely stoked the fire in her stomach. Horse radish: a taste that gave a bad name to both horse and radish.

    Even after sipping a bit more of the melted ice puddle from the bottom of her cup, her mouth felt dry. Why does anyone eat here?

    She looked around. Families happily munching away. A priest and some nuns seemingly enjoying their meals.

    She thought back to her Catholic days. The Sisters of Charity, Mother Teresa's group, ran her school. She once asked them whether they worried about living in a rough ghetto. They laughed and told her that D.C. was tame. They'd worked in the back alleys of Calcutta.

    She wiped off her lipstick, buttoned up her collar, and tugged down the fringe of her red skirt to just below her knees. Feeling less sexy, she felt less rejected.

    Her eyes wandered. Across the street, a car pulled up, double-parking in front of a liquor store. The driver, a skinny punk, wore a black ski mask topping his crown. With a jolt, her police instincts kicked in and her every muscle tensed.

    The driver twisted the plastic orange cap off of a play pistol. Even at this distance Shelley recognized it as a toy, but what she saw didn't matter: this was still armed robbery.

    Bolting from her seat, she knocked over her soda cup and hurried for the door, an action that elicited a crowd of stares.

    She had dressed for a night out—albeit, a cheap night out—and not for after-hours duty: her service belt and pistol lay stowed in her car. As she shouldered out the door, she took out her phone and speed-dialed dispatch.

    "This is Detective Krieg, MPD. We've an armed robbery in progress at B & B Liquors, Good Hope and Sixteenth. Make certain you tell them, 'Officer on scene.'"

    She emphasized the last part because she was out of her district and when the responding officers arrived they would encounter her: an unknown tall black woman with a gun in hand.

    She tweeted her car, flung open the door and reached inside, unbuckling her service automatic from its holster. She dumped the contents of her purse on the car seat and grabbed her shield, pinning it to her vest. And then she stood still, spending a quiet moment before heading into battle, ginning up her courage. It's a toy gun, she reminded herself. I saw the perp take the top off. But what if he put a plastic cap on a real gun to carry it around, making it seem fake? No, she told herself: I saw a toy, I know the difference. It had to be a toy—but what will I do if he points it at me? She knew what she would do.

    Then she recognized a new horror: what if I have to explain in court why I was eating dinner alone on Valentine's Day? At Arby's.

    She held her gun low as she crossed the street.

    Blam. A shot, a roar, from inside the liquor store. What the hell? A second blast. Shelley drew back from the door and to the side, out of the line of fire. "Police!" she called out. "Toss your weapon and come out with your hands raised."

    The door banged open and the punk staggered out. He clutched the toy gun against a gaping wound in his belly. He made it only a few steps before nosediving against the sidewalk. A moment later, a man appeared, brandishing a shotgun.

    Shelley aimed her gun at him. "Put your weapon down."

    "This is my store," the man said. His eyes were wild with adrenaline.

    "The crime is over. You do not need that weapon," Shelley said. And she didn't need a frenzied hero with a twitchy trigger finger. "Set it down." She demonstrated by lowering her own weapon.

    The man looked around as if to find someone who would support his rights. The few gawkers maintained their distance. He set the shotgun down beside him.

    "Call 911. Ask for an ambulance," Shelley said.

    "No," The owner said, folding his arms.

    Shelley dropped on one knee beside the man on the sidewalk. She freed the toy gun from his hand and tossed it aside to make sure the responding officers wouldn't think he was armed. When they arrived. If they arrived. Where are they? 

    It seemed as though half the man's blood had already spilled out: a rivulet from the broad puddle stretched to the gutter. Shelley rolled him over and pressed her hands against the bleeding. The man huffed against his ski mask. She pulled it back to allow him to breathe. From a distance, she'd judged him to be a punk kid. Up close, she could see he had a baby-face but with those creases that came in one's late thirties. The victim stared at her with desperation, mouth open, lips popping like those of a guppy.

    "You were likely within your rights to shoot this man," Shelley told the owner. "But if you do nothing and you allow him to bleed to death, you are committing murder and I can arrest you." Technically, this was true, but she made the threat only to ensure his cooperation. "Call 911 and bring me something to help stop the bleeding. A roll of paper towels if you have them."

    The owner reached for his shotgun.

    "Leave. It. There," Shelley said, each word snapping.

    "I want to put it somewhere safe."

    "Leave your weapon there."

    The man backed into his store.

    A shotgun, at close range, could tear a man in two. Both of Shelley's hands easily fit into the wide gash of his belly wound. She felt about for the source of the flood.

    "Bless me father, for I have sinned."

    Shelley had been concentrating so much on the wound, that these words startled her. She looked up. The priest from Arby's knelt next to the victim.

    "Tell me, my son," the priest said.

Additional notes regarding context and the contest.

Aspects of Shelley Krieg are presented in the above story. In summary, she is African-American, tall (over six feet), single and in her mid-thirties and works for the Washington, DC Metropolitan Police Department. She is a conscientious detective who does not act in an unethical way, although she has been known to cut corners for the greater good.

The first chapter of Never Kill A Friend is available here, online or from internet book outlets.

The winning entry should be realistic in plotting, not the magic of a poorly created cops-and-robbers world. Gratuitousness, whether it be sex, violence, gore or swearing is a negative. I will accept a moderate amount depend on context and internal justification.

The sacrament of confession is not absolute in requiring silence from the priest. Inasmuch as Shelley overhears something actionable, the priest could corroborate it: although this does not need be a plot point.

International contestants can apply. Alternative forms of awards can be: A check or money order for U.S. dollars, or as a gift card from iTunes, Amazon, or Google.

What publication rights are being asked? None, other than those requested by the magazine in which the final product will be published. The winning entry will not be published on-line beyond that of a teaser, unless by joint agreement. This could interfere with submission to journals.

You may query me with further questions or insert them in comments if you believe the answers would be of general interest.


 Martin Hill Ortiz is the author of Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press.

Never Kill A Friend, Ransom Note Press

Never Kill A Friend is available for purchase in hard cover format and as an ebook.
The story follows Shelley Krieg, an African-American detective for the Washington DC Metro PD as she tries to undo a wrong which sent an innocent teenager to prison.

Hard cover: Amazon US
Kindle: Amazon US
Hard cover: Amazon UK
Kindle: Amazon UK
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